effects of mining on fresh water bodies of the world in nigeria
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effects of mining on fresh water bodies of the world in nigeria

Impact of mining activities on ground water quality status ...

Impact of mining activities on ground water quality status, Dareta Village, Zamfara, Nigeria ... body and constitutes about two-third of the human body. The importance of water in our daily life makes it ... groundwater constitutes over 90% of the world's readily available freshwater resources [6]. Groundwater represents an important source of ...

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Effects of coal mining on the water resources in the ...

Effects of coal mining on the water resources in the communities ... few surface water bodies in the area for domestic, agricul-tural and industrial purposes. This research aims to investi- ... shallow fresh water to paralic, medium to low-energy environment.

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Mining and Water Quality - Science for a changing world

Mining and Water Quality. Mine drainage is metal-rich water formed from a chemical reaction between water and rocks containing sulfur-bearing minerals. Problems that can be associated with mine drainage include contaminated drinking water, disrupted growth and reproduction of aquatic plants and animals, and the corroding effects of the acid on ...

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Environmental Issues and the Prospects of Mining in

2017). Mining is a significant threat to biodiversity, as it leads to large massive habitat losses (Paul and Campbell, 2011). 2.0 Mining Issues in Nigeria Nigeria’s abundant solid minerals constitute some of the largest known deposits under different categories made up of precious metals, stones and industrial minerals like coal, tin,

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Mining and Water Pollution — Safe Drinking Water

Dec 17, 2016  3. Processing Chemicals Pollution. This kind of pollution occurs when chemical agents (such as cyanide or sulphuric acid used by mining companies to separate the target mineral from the ore) spill, leak, or leach from the mine site into nearby water bodies. These chemicals can be highly toxic to humans and wildlife. 4.

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Appendix 2: Environmental and Social Impacts of Mining

sensitivity of specific ecosystems to mining is examined in Box A2.1. The most obvious impact to biodiversity from mining is the removal of vegetation, which in turn alters the availability of food and shelter for wildlife. At a broader scale, mining may impact biodiversity by changing species composition and structure. For example,

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Environmental Impacts of Oil Exploration and Exploitation ...

swamps, fresh water swamps, rain forest and is the largest wetland in Africa and among the ten most important wetland and marine ecosystems in the world, but due to oil pollution the area is now characterized by contaminated streams and rivers, forest destruction and biodiversity loss in general the area is an ecological wasteland.

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Review of Environmental and Health Impacts of Mining in Ghana

Mar 12, 2018  Large-scale mining, also known as legal mining, generates more than 95 percent of the world's total mineral production and employs approximately 2.5 million people across the world.13 In Ghana, there are 19 large mining companies operating approximately 16 gold mines, one bauxite mine and one manganese mine.2 These companies are largely privately owned

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Case Study IV* - Nigeria - World Health Organization

Figure IV.3 Map of the major geological formations of Nigeria Many factories in Nigeria are located on river banks and use the rivers as open sewers for their effluents. The major industries responsible for water pollution in Nigeria include petroleum, mining (for gold, tin and coal) wood and pulp, pharmaceuticals, textiles,

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Mining and its effect on environment News Ghana

Nov 19, 2015  Science; Environmental news; Mining and its effect on environment. For over centuries of mining in Ghana, especially gold, there have been several concerned raised by major stakeholders on the ...

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Water Pollution: Sources, Effects, Control and Management

4. Effects of Water Pollution Water pollution has a duel effect on nature. It has negative effects on the living and also on the environment. The effects of pollution on human beings and aquatic communities are many and varied. Water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day, mostly due to contamination of drinking water by untreated

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A Review of the Health Implications of Heavy Metals in ...

Contaminated freshwater bodies in Osun State. Accumulation of heavy metals from battery waste in topsoil, surface water, and garden grown maize at Omilende area, Olodo, Nigeria Long-term consumption of (leafy) Amaranthus from Lagos highway soils poses potential health risk due to its heavy metal concentrations.

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The rage of Nigerian mining host communities - Punch ...

Oct 17, 2019  Greg Odogwu. Mining host communities in Nigeria have seen hell. Being that 50% of natural resources in the world reside in Africa, and our country is the biggest enclave on the continent, it is ...

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Water, Sanitation and Hygiene UNICEF Nigeria

Only 26.5 per cent of the population use improved drinking water sources and sanitation facilities. Achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 by 2030 requires extraordinary efforts. Based on World Bank estimates, Nigeria will be required to triple its budget or at least allocate 1.7 per cent of the current Gross Domestic Product to WASH.

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Alluvial Gold Mining And Our Muddy Waters

Jun 01, 2016  Alluvial mining though regarded the most environmentally friendly method of gold mining as a result of the reduced environmental impact when compared to underground mining it's the worst cause of water pollution. This is because a large proportion of alluvial deposits are found in water bodies. Those found outside of water bodies are washed in ...

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Impacts and Management of Oil Spill Pollution along the ...

Nigeria is now the largest oil producer in Africa and the sixth largest in the world, averaging 2.7 million barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2006. Nigeria's proven oil reserved is 35.2 billion barrels. Nigeria’s economy is heavily dependent on earnings from the oil sector, which provides 20% of GDP, 95% of foreign exchange

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Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human Health

Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human Health Impacts of strip mining: Strip mining destroys landscapes, forests and wildlife habitats at the site of the mine when trees, plants, and topsoil are cleared from the mining area. This in turn leads to soil erosion and destruction of agricultural land.

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Types of Water Bodies Characteristics - Geography Mocomi

Lakes can be salty or fresh water lakes. Salty lakes are due to a lot of evaporation taking place. Some famous lakes are-Lake Superior, Caspian Sea, Lake Victoria, Lake Aral and the Dal Lake . In fact the Caspian Sea is the world’s largest salt lake, it is so big that it is referred to as sea. Lake Superior is the biggest fresh water lake.

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Review of Ghana’s water resources: the quality and ...

Jun 01, 2018  The quantity and quality of fresh water are still a major problem in most countryside of Ghana as people have to use rainwater, surface water, and shallow groundwater as their drinking water sources. Due to the persistent widespread in illegal mining activities, pollution of water bodies occurs mostly in the south-western parts of Ghana.

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Assessment of Heavy Metals in Water, Fish and Sediments ...

The concentrations of Cd and Pb obtained are lower for water and higher for sediments from the work on a water body used for irrigation in Keffi. 10 The concentration of Mn in sediment is lower and higher in water than those obtained from the work carried out on River Tammah. 11 Cu, Pb and Mn are some of the metals that get into aquatic ecosystem from runoffs from agricultural lands as a ...

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Environmental Impacts of Mining: A Study of Mining ...

Mineral exploitation contributes significantly to economic growth and development in most world economies. In Africa, Ghana is the second largest gold producer, contributing to about 5.7% of the country’s GDP. The mining sector in Ghana consists of both small-scale and large-scale mining, each of which has varying environmental impacts. This paper provides an exposition on the environmental ...

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Potential health risk and levels of heavy metals in water ...

Jul 07, 2020  Heavy metals are potential health risk, especially in mining sites where they deteriorate from sulfide-rich ore bodies. Lead, cadmium, arsenic and mercury are very carcinogenic, while others are toxic. The assessment of the levels of these metals in water resources of the lead–zinc mining communities of Enyigba, Mkpuma Akpatakpa, Ameka, Amorie, Amanchara and Alibaruhu was carried

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The rage of Nigerian mining host communities - Punch ...

Oct 17, 2019  Greg Odogwu. Mining host communities in Nigeria have seen hell. Being that 50% of natural resources in the world reside in Africa, and our country is the biggest enclave on the continent, it

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Alluvial Gold Mining And Our Muddy Waters

Jun 01, 2016  Alluvial mining though regarded the most environmentally friendly method of gold mining as a result of the reduced environmental impact when compared to underground mining it's the worst cause of water pollution. This is because a large proportion of alluvial deposits are found in water bodies. Those found outside of water bodies are washed in ...

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Water Pollution: Effects, Prevention, and Climatic Impact ...

The stress on our water environment as a result of increased industrialization, which aids urbanization, is becoming very high thus reducing the availability of clean water. Polluted water is of great concern to the aquatic organism, plants, humans, and climate and indeed alters the ecosystem. The preservation of our water environment, which is embedded in sustainable development, must be well ...

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Water Pollution Facts, Types, Causes and Effects of Water ...

Covering about 70 percent of the earth, surface water is what fills our oceans, lakes, rivers, and all those other blue bits on the world map. Surface water from freshwater sources (that is, from ...

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Causes, Effects and Solutions to Water Scarcity Earth ...

Agriculture uses majority of available freshwater. The sad thing is that about 60% of this water gets wasted due to inefficient agriculture methods and leaky irrigation systems. In addition to this, pesticides and fertilizers are washed away in rivers and lakes that further affect human and animal population. Effects of Water Scarcity. Hunger

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What Is The Environmental Impact Of The Mining Industry ...

Apr 25, 2017  Mining adversely affects the environment by inducing loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, and contamination of surface water, groundwater, and soil. Mining can also trigger the formation of sinkholes. The leakage of chemicals from mining sites can also have detrimental effects on the health of the population living at or around the mining site.

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(PDF) WATER POLLUTION-SOURCES,EFFECTS AND CONTROL

The freshwater volume in the world were just around 0.5% of the total volume of water or it reached 2.84x105 Km 3 [1]. It meant that seawater has the biggest volume in the world. ...

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How Nigeria can adapt to the effects of climate change ...

Apr 16, 2020  Most of Nigeria’s greenhouse emissions come from the industrial sector. The culprits? Agriculture and forestry, waste, and energy. However, while being the second-largest greenhouse emitter in Africa, Nigeria only accounts for 0.7% of the world’s greenhouse gases. So, climate change mitigation is an important, but not a pressing priority.

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(PDF) Causes, Effects and Solution of Water Polution ...

Water pollution is any chemical, physical or biological change in the quality of water that has a harmful effect on any living thing that drinks or uses or lives (in) it. Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (e.g. lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater). Water

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The Long-term Effects of Water Pollution on the ...

Inorganic Pollutants. The inorganic pollutants that cause adverse effects on water bodies are as follows: Cyanide exists in water as hydrogen cyanide, and can cause nerve damage and thyroid problems. Ammonia is formed during microbial degradation of biomass and organic matters. The caustic nature of ammonia, damages gills of fish.

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Chapter 2 - WATER QUALITY - World Health Organization

body being studied. 2.1 Characteristics of surface waters 2.1.1 Hydrological characteristics Continental water bodies are of various types including flowing water, lakes, reservoirs and groundwaters. All are inter-connected by the hydrological cycle with many intermediate water bodies, both natural and artificial.

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